Back pain: what to do?

Back pain: here are the possible causes and all the remedies to adopt.

Almost everyone, sooner or later, has experienced back pain. From the most bearable to the one that even takes your breath away. The causes only many, let’s see what remedies to adopt.

The term “back pain” does not indicate a single disorder, but a series of painful conditions due to different causes and which occurs with different intensity and duration. The chronic form, compared to the acute, requires greater medical support because it is more problematic and exhausting due to its prolongation over time.

To understand more

In most cases, back pain is an expression of benign conditions and resolves within about a month. In other cases, however, it results from more serious conditions, such as osteopathies, neuropathies or myopathies of different severity and requiring different attention.

Acute pain is mostly triggered by a cold or stress contracture, poor posture or trauma. In addition, some visceral disorders can cause reflex pain in the lower back.

Alterations in the skeletal structure, such as a pronounced hip difference in height or a significant difference in limb structure (such as legs of different lengths), flat feet or valgus knees, even a dental malocclusion, result in recurrent and persistent pain.

First rule change incorrect styles

Putting into practice a right lifestyle, with a correct use of the back, is the right solution to prevent and / or improve the disorder.Sport is a valid ally if chosen in order to strengthen the muscles of the trunk, which contributes to the balance of the column.

It would be good to avoid lifting loads that are too heavy, carrying overflowing bags, shoes that are too low or with dizzying heels. In addition, we often make incorrect movements even during daily activities, and this in the long run can compromise posture or make us incur episodes of back pain.

It is therefore very important to pay attention to posture when standing, sitting or in bed and do not forget to always do some physical activity because a sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor, as well as smoking and obesity.

And when the pain persists

If a few days have already passed since the pain appeared and the situation does not improve, for a more accurate diagnosis it is good to contact your doctor who, if he deems it appropriate, can also prescribe one or more specific tests to identify the cause with certainty.

Diagnostic test Function
X-ray of the spine It allows, for example, an accurate control of the pelvis and curves of the spine. At the same time, it checks for osteoarthritisosteoporosis and congenital defects
CT (computed axial tomography) “Photographs” very thin portions of the vertebrae when you suspect abnormalities of discs or structures not visible to the radiography
MRI (nuclear magnetic resonance imaging) Even more sophisticated instrumental examination, able to perform a complete screening of vessels, muscles, ligaments, vertebrae, discs, joints and more
Electromyography (EMG) Allows recording of muscle activity at rest and during voluntary activation. It allows to study nerve conduction, motor and sensitive. It should be performed especially in case of inflammation of the nerves (neuritis) and in entrapment neuropathies (carpal tunnel syndrome). Thanks to this analysis it is possible also evaluate the integrity and functionality of the nerves that come out from the spinal cord
Blood test Reveal any inflammatory processes

After diagnosis, the most appropriate treatment for the case and the need to consult a specialist will be evaluated.

Overcoming pain

Treatment against back pain, acute or chronic, is aimed at relieving or abolishing pain in a timely manner.

If we are in the presence of a contracture, perhaps after a wrong movement, a hot-humid application of linen or cotton sheets on the painful part, is the most followed home remedy to relax the muscles, alternatively you can buy thermal patches in pharmacies to be applied on the part that release heat for up to 8 hours. If we want to opt for a natural remedy, we can choose creams based on arnica, a natural anti-inflammatory, with which to make light massages.

Or we can choose to use drugs, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, which we can find in pharmacies even without a prescription.

You can choose between tablet remedies or topical remedies, such as creams or gels based on ibuprofen, ketoprofen or diclofenac, effective against mild or moderate local pain. In this case, the pharmacist can advise us on the most suitable product for the situation.

If the pain is strong, it is preferable to administer analgesics for oral use, perhaps choosing the fastest acting formulations in the case of acute pain or longer duration in the case of chronic pain.

Sometimes medication should be accompanied by physiotherapy, especially when the pain begins to decrease to restore movement and promote the lengthening of the muscles. Physiotherapy can also be very useful as a prevention because it strengthens our body and above all can teach it to move correctly, the important thing is always to contact qualified personnel.

Joycelyn Elders is the author and creator of EmpowerEssence, a health and wellness blog. Elders is a respected public health advocate and pediatrician dedicated to promoting general health and well-being.

The blog covers a wide range of topics related to health and wellness, with articles organized into several categories.

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